The Basics of a Renal Disease Diet
When you have chronic kidney disease, you need to have a renal disease diet plan because what you eat affects your health. The type of foods in your renal disease diet that you will be able to eat will become limited, since you need to control the minerals that you take in order to avoid the complications associated with renal disease. In addition, you need to limit the sodium and fluid that you take so as not to cause fluid buildup in the body. If you want to know the foods that you can and cannot eat in a renal disease diet, check out this basic guide.
Protein-renal disease diet
One of the nutrients that will be affected by a renal disease diet would be proteins. Proteins are essential in building and repairing body tissues so that your body will easily heal and stay healthy. However, too much protein in a renal disease diet would be tiresome to your kidneys, since the metabolism of protein creates urea as a side product, which is a body waste that is usually excreted by the kidneys. But with the kidneys no longer functioning as it used to be, there might be problems with urea buildup. Therefore, a renal disease diet should have foods that are low in protein, such as fresh beans, grains, fruits, and vegetables. You should avoid high protein foods such as meat, poultry, eggs, and milk products in your renal disease diet.
Phosphorus-renal disease diet
Phosphorus is important for building and maintaining your teeth and bones, as well as maintaining nerve and muscle function. But when you have a renal disease, you might also have problems in maintaining the balance of phosphorus and calcium in your body. To make sure that there is a balance between these two minerals, you need to lower your phosphorus intake in your renal disease diet. Avoid high phosphorus foods like cola, ice cream, beer, chicken, nuts, cheese, and sardines. Instead, substitute them with low phosphorus foods in your renal disease diet, such as non-cola soda, sherbet, zucchini squash, and hard candy.
Potassium-renal disease diet
Potassium is an essential mineral for the heart, since it keeps your heart working properly. If you have too much potassium in your body, it can lead to irregular heartbeats or even stop your heartbeats without warning. Limit your potassium intake by removing the following foods from your renal disease diet: bananas, broccoli, oranges, mushroom, potatoes, mustard, apricots, coffee, and chocolate. You can substitute them with beans, apples, watermelon, grapes, cucumber, cherries, carrots, bread, and rice in your renal disease diet.
Sodium-renal disease diet
When you have a renal disease, your kidneys will have difficulty removing excess sodium in your body. This will lead to sodium and fluid retention in your body, thus manifesting as swelling in different parts of the body. High sodium foods that should be eliminated from a renal disease diet include table salt, potato chips, cold cuts, bacon, canned goods and vegetables, processed diner mixes, nuts, and cheese. Look for foods that are labeled as salt free, sodium free, reduced sodium, unsalted, and lightly salted.
A renal disease diet can be very restrictive and hard to follow. However, planning it and trying to religiously follow it is a great start towards maintaining your health despite your renal disease.