Kidney Dialysis Labs

Kidney Dialysis Labs – Understanding Your Labs

Kidney Dialysis Labs Anyone approaching kidney failure may sometimes feel more like a test subject than a patient. There seem to be lab tests at every turn. Unfortunately, these tests are completely necessary in order to make sure that the dialysis is doing what it needs to be doing. They are also necessary to measure where you should be in the treatment process if you are not yet on dialysis. These are a few of the kidney dialysis labs you’ll need to take as you approach the later stages of kidney disease.

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)

This is actually an estimation doctors make from checking the levels of creatinine in your blood along with your age, race, gender, and other mitigating factors. The GFR helps doctors determine which stage of kidney disease you’re in. Dialysis becomes necessary once you reach stage five chronic kidney disease (CKD). Stage 5 is reached when your GFR is lower than 15. Once your GFR is less than 30 your doctor should begin discussing your treatment options for kidney failure.

Creatinine Test

Creatinine is a protein waste byproduct. Your kidneys normally eliminate creatinine. When they stop doing this, it is a good indication that they aren’t getting rid of other waste and that this waste is remaining in the body. Normal creatinine levels are between .8 and 1.4 milligrams per deciliter.

Blood Electrolyte Levels

Sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphorous are important minerals your body needs in order to function as it’s supposed to. However, there is a very delicate balance needed between them in order to deliver optimal results. Patients who are on dialysis or in later stages of chronic kidney disease have bodies that have lost or are quickly losing the ability to manage these electrolyte levels properly. The result of an excess of any one can have dangerous consequences including fluid retention, bone disease, and erratic heartbeats.

Kidney dialysis labs are taken regularly at various stages of chronic kidney disease in stages 3, 4, and 5 to measure the levels of these electrolytes. If the levels become problematic, your physician may order a renal failure diet in order to help keep them in check.


These kidney dialysis labs are all about results. It measures how effective dialysis. Blood is taken at the beginning and end of dialysis sessions to determine the Kt/V result. In this instance, Kt/V is a literal mathematic equation (K times t divided by V).

  • K – Clearance (amount of urea removed) times
  • T – Time (number of minutes in treatment) divided by
  • V – volume (fluid in liters)

There are other kidney dialysis labs you’ll need to take during the process. These are among those you will see most often performed to help maintain the greatest possible health and quality of life as you prepare for renal failure. Understanding the various kidney dialysis tests that are required doesn’t remove the fear of the unknown from the equation. It’s almost always better to know what to expect and why whether it’s kidney dialysis labs or something else entirely.

Kidney Dialysis Diet Meal Planner, click here

Sodium On A Renal Diet

Sodium On A Renal Diet

Sodium On A Renal DietIf you are on a special diet for kidney disorder or renal failure, it is of the up most importance for you to keep tabs on your sodium intake.

The primary function of the kidneys is to flush out waste and excess fluids. With chronic kidney disorders and renal failure, the kidneys are not able to do their job properly. The amount of sodium in your body affects this issue because sodium increases water retention in the body, therefore making your kidneys’ job even harder.

How can too much sodium hurt me?Sodium On A Renal Diet

  • Some of the affects of sodium can seem fairly benign but, especially for renal patients, can be detrimental to your health.


  • High sodium intake can cause you to be very thirsty. Especially for renal patients on fluid restrictive diets, this can be extremely uncomfortable.


  • When you have renal issues, too much sodium can cause fluid retention. Fluid retention can cause:


  • Severe swelling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart failure


  • Too much sodium can also increase your blood pressure.


How much is too much?-Sodium On A Renal Diet


  • Especially in America, people tend to consume far more than the recommended amount of sodium. The normal recommended amount of sodium per day for non-renal “healthy” people is 2,400mg per day. This equates to roughly one teaspoon of salt.


  • Depending on your level of renal disease, your doctor might recommend that you consume as little as 1,000mg of sodium per day.


  • Following the restrictions your doctor gives you is essential. Especially if you are already on dialysis, or would like to avoid dialysis in the near future, pay close attention to the limits your doctor gives you and check every food label for sodium content.


What are some tips to keep my sodium intake low?


  • Keep a food diary. Write down everything you eat, how much you ate, and the amount of sodium in each food.


  • Always check nutrition labels for every food you eat. Even less obvious foods like bread or unsalted snacks contain sodium. The more limited your diet, the more important it is to track every milligram of sodium.


  • Avoid salting foods when cooking. Instead, opt for salt-free seasonings and herbs. Not only will you be saving yourself the sodium, but you will have the opportunity to enjoy food with more depth and flavor.


  • Opt for fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned. Canned foods often have tons of sodium and added preservatives. If you absolutely must use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them thoroughly


  • Try your hand at the culinary arts by making your own sauces and salad dressings. Store bought sauces and dressings contain large amounts of sodium and other additives for preservation, color, and flavor. Making your own will not only be healthier, but can be a rewarding experience.


Keeping track of your sodium intake is important for everyone, doubly so if you are a renal patient. Limiting your sodium intake, keeping track of how much sodium you eat, and replacing store bought processed foods with fresh options can put you on the right track.


Pre Dialysis, Pre Dialysis and Diabetes or Dialysis—Find Your Meal Planner Here and Reduce Sodium Intakes!- click here







Renal Diabetes Food List

Renal Diabetes Food List

Renal Diabetes Food ListWhen you’re on a special diet for renal failure, food list ideas don’t always work out for the people who need them most. They’re either too cumbersome to carry around at all times, too obtrusive to keep up with all the time, or simply too embarrassing for many people to pull out whenever it becomes necessary. These renal diet food list ideas, though, will help you keep the lists in a centralized location in your home or carry them discretely with you — wherever you may go.

Consult a Nutritionist to Create a Renal Diabetes Food List You can Live With

Getting started is the hardest part for most people. Renal diabetes patients often spend a great deal of time focused on the things they can no longer fail and forget to explore the depths of the foods they can have instead.

Nutritionists are great for helping you see the possibilities instead of the limitations. That’s important as you begin creating a renal diabetes food list that will help you establish healthy eating routines to carry you into the future. The sooner in the process you make an appointment with a qualified nutritionist; the faster you’ll begin to feel better about your menu and food choice options.

Print out Full List and Post in Prominent Place

The refrigerator is an excellent place to keep your renal diabetes food list. This way it’s handy whenever you’re making your grocery list, planning your weekly menu, or going for an afternoon snack. There are all kinds of cute magnetic refrigerator frames you can use to make it look neat and tidy, while keeping it handy for regular use.

Print a Smaller Copy of the List for Portability

While most meals, snacks, and shopping lists are enjoyed or created at home, there are times when you’re out and about when the time for meals comes along. Sometimes you simply leave your grocery list at home. These are the times when you need something handy with you to help you make wise decisions. A small renal diabetes food list in your pocket or purse can help you do just that.

There’s an App for That-Renal Diabetes Food List

If you own a smart phone, another option is to install an app that helps you keep up with what’s a hit and miss for your renal diet needs. Consult with your physician to see if he or she can recommend a good app to help you stay on target with your renal diabetes food list whether you’re at home or on the go.

Your renal diabetes food list needs to be packed with food choices and meal plans you’ll be happy to eat that will leave you feeling satisfied and not deprived. Try to incorporate meal plans that can be easily prepared ahead of time to help you avoid making convenience choices that aren’t exactly wise for your health needs. Freezer cooking and slow cooker (crock-pot) meals are also great ideas if you still lead an active life.

Get Your Free Potassium and Phosphorus FOOD List Here, It is Simple

Renal Failure Meal Planning

Renal Failure Meal Planning

Renal Failure Meal PlanningMost people make renal failure meal planning much more difficult than it needs to be. It’s true; there are restrictions to your diet that may make meal planning a little more challenging. However, these restrictions also make it a little more adventurous. It gives you license to try new things. You may discover new favorite dishes that you can prepare extras to freeze and reheat on days when you just don’t feel like cooking, run out of time to prepare an extravagant meal, or have unexpected guests for dinner. These renal failure meal planning ideas will help you stay on top of your game and your diet even when the going gets a little rough.

Try Something New

There are a ton of recipe books, websites, and pages devoted to assisting with renal failure meal planning. They include recipes of popular comfort food makeovers just right for renal failure dietary needs. There are also great deserts, casseroles, and other dishes you can try — even popular holiday dishes. Save a little room in your renal failure meal planning to try at least one new recipe each week and see how it goes.

Plan Ahead to Prepare Ahead

Freezer cooking was all the rage back in the eighties and nineties. It’s making a bit of a comeback in the 2010’s with people looking for new ways to cut costs, have family meals around an actual table, and make life easier. The concept is that you prepare two dishes for everyone making one for now and freezing the other for later. When you find good dishes that are renal diet friendly, you need to make the most of your time in the kitchen. This is a great way to do just that.

Pull Double Duty

Part of renal failure meal planning is preparing the grocery list. If you create your grocery list at the same time as you plan your menu for the week you are less likely to leave important things off your list and less likely to stray from your list in the story. Straying from your list can lead to purchasing items that are not renal diet friendly at all. Instead, make both lists at the same time and know what you need the minute you walk in the doors of your local supermarket.

Don’t Forget a Few Convenience Foods

There are a few food items that are renal failure friendly that are also convenient for snacks and light meals. Make sure you stock up on a few of these just to have around the house. These are important parts of renal failure meal planning that will help satisfy unexpected cravings, provide fast access to favorite foods when you don’t feel like preparing an entire meal, and can even provide a quick pick-me-up for your guests.

Don’t get sidetracked in your renal failure meal planning efforts. It’s important to take the time to plan a menu that’s packed with good foods for your dietary needs without missing out on the comfort foods that make you feel happy and warm inside.

If you want to find a trusted source for meal planning and diet information you might try this blog listed below

Renal Diet Blog of A Renal Dietitian, Follow This Link

Mathea Ford is also a great author and has some great books, see here!

Fluid Needs for Predialysis Kidney Disease Stage 3

Fluid Needs for Predialysis Kidney Disease Stage 3

kidney disease stage 3The fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease stage 3 are going to be much different than those of a patient with completely health kidneys. Kidneys, once they reach this critical stage, are no longer able to function in their normal capacities. They are continuing to function, however, in a reduced capacity. Dietary needs become even more vital at this important stage in the progression of kidney disease.

They are no longer able to operate as the body’s biggest filters removing electrolytes, fluids, and waste from the body. With this in minds it’s imperative to pay attention to changing fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease stage 3 and adjust your daily diet accordingly.

Reduction in Fluid Needs for Predialysis Kidney Disease Stage 3
Renal diet restrictions exist for a reason. Without the kidneys serving to filter out the excess fluid in the body, it has a tendency to build up in unhealthy places, such as around the heart and lungs. A predialysis diet is in order to help remove the excess waste products before going through dialysis.
This diet, though, is about so much more than the fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease stage 3. It’s not just necessary to find the right balance of fluids, but also necessary to feed your body an appropriate amount of protein each day. Otherwise, the body will begin breaking down its own tissues in order to get the nutrients it needs.

What are Your Fluid Needs for Predialysis Kidney Disease Stage 3?

There isn’t a one-size-solution for fluid needs. Different bodies have different needs — even in a predialysis state. You’ll have to work closely with your physician to find the right balance of fluids daily to keep yourself healthy and ready for dialysis when the time arrives though fluid, at this stage, is not generally restricted since the kidneys are still able to function sufficiently to filter some of the waste from your system.

Aside from the fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease stage 3 patients, is the need to reduce blood pressure. Most patients, at this stage of disease progression, have high blood pressure. Sodium reductions, as a result, are necessary. Other effects of stage 3 chronic kidney failure include extreme weakness and/or fatigue, fluid retention, and sleep problems. Sleep problems are often related to discomfort, muscle cramps, itching, and even restless legs. In some cases, it’s not falling asleep that’s the problem, but maintaining a restful sleep for more than a couple of hours at a time.
Consider that as you time your fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease stage 3 and try to plan your fluid intake sufficiently ahead of the time you’re planning to sleep so that your sleep is not disturbed by late night runs to the restroom.
The fluid needs for predialysis kidney disease (stage 3) and beyond will vary from one person to the next. It’s important to work with your physician to work out a plan that’s right for your needs, your disease, and your unique situation as a person going through stage 3 kidney disease.

For a complete listing of some of the most popular kidney disease stage 3 meal plans, Click Here.



Renal Diet Beverages and How to Make it Work

renal diet beveragesOne of the most difficult things for many people in renal failure or on dialysis must contend with is the need to diligently control their fluid intake. Renal diet beverages must be diligently monitored. Not simply beverages either. This includes foods that are likely to become fluids at room temperature.

How Much is Too Much When it comes to Renal Diet Beverages?

The exact amount will vary from person to person according to other medications you may be taking or conditions you may have. A good rule of thumb, however, is the concept of “urine plus 500 ml.” Those who urinate frequently are able to drink more. Most people on dialysis, though, urinate very little. The 500 ml amount covers the amount of fluids most people lose through their skin and lungs on an average day.

Controlling Renal Diet Beverages

It’s not always easy to control the renal diet beverages you consume on a daily basis. We live in an “on demand” society where we’re accustomed to drinking water (or other beverages) when we’re thirsty. The problem is that 500 ml of liquid is about four cups of fluids in an entire day. It takes a little getting used to.

These are a few steps you can take to limit your daily fluid intake from renal diet beverages:

1)      Create a routine that includes one glass of liquid at specific times throughout the day. This helps you keep track of your fluid intake rations your fluids throughout the day so you aren’t left feeling thirsty all night.

2)      Use proportioned servings.

3)      Don’t drink with meals. This way you’re less likely to linger and “over-drink” after meals.

4)      Time your daily medications to coincide with your scheduled beverages. This way you’re not sneaking in additional beverages that will do more harm for you than good.

In addition to limiting your daily liquid intake, you must also pay attention to the specific beverages you consume. Some beverages, even those that are healthy for the general public, are not good renal diet beverages because they contain sodium, phosphates, and other ingredients that are potentially harmful.


Harmful Renal Diet Beverages

  • Orange juice
  • Tomato juice
  • Prune juice
  • Milk
  • Dark colored sodas

The juices and milk must be carefully controlled because they contain a large amount of potassium. Darker sodas contain a fair amount of phosphorus. All of these can spell bad news for anyone dealing with renal failure, kidney disease, or dialysis.

Knowing that it’s bad to overindulge in renal diet beverages is one thing. Understanding why it’s so necessary, though, can help you remain on the straight and narrow. Since your body is no longer eliminating excess fluid naturally, the fluid remains in your body longer. This means it can build up in your heart and lungs causing catastrophic health consequences.

Follow your doctor’s orders when it comes to dietary restrictions and stay on the straight and narrow with your renal diet beverages to increase the likelihood of a longer road ahead of you.

Renal Diet Headquarters-Best of Show Click Here

The Basics of a Renal Disease Diet

The Basics of a Renal Disease Diet

renal disease dietWhen you have chronic kidney disease, you need to have a renal disease diet plan because what you eat affects your health. The type of foods in your renal disease diet that you will be able to eat will become limited, since you need to control the minerals that you take in order to avoid the complications associated with renal disease. In addition, you need to limit the sodium and fluid that you take so as not to cause fluid buildup in the body. If you want to know the foods that you can and cannot eat in a renal disease diet, check out this basic guide.

Protein-renal disease diet

One of the nutrients that will be affected by a renal disease diet would be proteins. Proteins are essential in building and repairing body tissues so that your body will easily heal and stay healthy. However, too much protein in a renal disease diet would be tiresome to your kidneys, since the metabolism of protein creates urea as a side product, which is a body waste that is usually excreted by the kidneys. But with the kidneys no longer functioning as it used to be, there might be problems with urea buildup. Therefore, a renal disease diet should have foods that are low in protein, such as fresh beans, grains, fruits, and vegetables. You should avoid high protein foods such as meat, poultry, eggs, and milk products in your renal disease diet.

Phosphorus-renal disease diet

Phosphorus is important for building and maintaining your teeth and bones, as well as maintaining nerve and muscle function. But when you have a renal disease, you might also have problems in maintaining the balance of phosphorus and calcium in your body. To make sure that there is a balance between these two minerals, you need to lower your phosphorus intake in your renal disease diet. Avoid high phosphorus foods like cola, ice cream, beer, chicken, nuts, cheese, and sardines. Instead, substitute them with low phosphorus foods in your renal disease diet, such as non-cola soda, sherbet, zucchini squash, and hard candy.

Potassium-renal disease diet

Potassium is an essential mineral for the heart, since it keeps your heart working properly. If you have too much potassium in your body, it can lead to irregular heartbeats or even stop your heartbeats without warning. Limit your potassium intake by removing the following foods from your renal disease diet: bananas, broccoli, oranges, mushroom, potatoes, mustard, apricots, coffee, and chocolate. You can substitute them with beans, apples, watermelon, grapes, cucumber, cherries, carrots, bread, and rice in your renal disease diet.

Sodium-renal disease diet

When you have a renal disease, your kidneys will have difficulty removing excess sodium in your body. This will lead to sodium and fluid retention in your body, thus manifesting as swelling in different parts of the body. High sodium foods that should be eliminated from a renal disease diet include table salt, potato chips, cold cuts, bacon, canned goods and vegetables, processed diner mixes, nuts, and cheese. Look for foods that are labeled as salt free, sodium free, reduced sodium, unsalted, and lightly salted.

A renal disease diet can be very restrictive and hard to follow. However, planning it and trying to religiously follow it is a great start towards maintaining your health despite your renal disease.

For more information on renal disease diets visit this site and blog for great information

Mom's Meals

Dialysis: Treatment Options for the Progression To End Stage Renal Disease

End Stage Renal DiseaseDialysis: Treatment Options for the Progression To End Stage Renal Disease

Wow, the options are much more than I expected for end stage renal disease!  This 50 page book by Mathea Ford, gives great insight into the treatment options for ESRD and how diet and nutrition relate to the onset of dialysis and kidney failure.

As I read this book, I came to realize that end stage renal disease was not something to mess with and that many patients go into kidney failure without any knowledge of treatment options available to them.  Each patient may have circumstances that lead to one treatment over the other or their health insurance may dictate the care they can receive.  We shall see if the Affordable Care Act has any changes for dialysis, who knows?

End stage renal disease can be treated with dialysis but it comes in many forms and transplant of a kidney is also an option for end stage renal disease.

Read this book by Mathea to get a better understanding of end stage renal disease and the treatment options.

Kidney Disease Common Labs and Medical Terminology

Kidney Disease Common LabsKidney Disease Common Labs and Medical Terminology

A short read by Mathea Ford RD/LD, thank goodness the price on this particular book is not to much as this book is only 30 some odd pages, but well worth every penny I spent on it.  Kidney disease can be very confusing and the kidney disease common labs are very important to a patient’s understanding of the chronic disease they are battling.

As I worked my way through “Kidney Disease Common Labs and Medical Terminology”, I realized that this chronic illness can be very difficult to understand if the patient or care giver do not understand what the physician is telling them.  Each stage of kidney disease comes with challenges and laboratory numbers and additional terminology.

My best word of advice is to read this book by Mathea on kidney disease common labs and get an understanding of the medical terminology before going to your first nephrology appointment.  Be overwhelmed by kidney disease common labs terms can and will knock you off you feet if you let it.  GET THIS BOOK!

Eating Out On a Kidney Diet

Eating Out On a Kidney Diet: Pre-dialysis and Diabetes: Ways To Enjoy Your Favorite Foods (Renal Diet HQ IQ Pre Dialysis Living) (Volume 3)

This will be my third some odd review of a book by Mathea Ford.  As I made my way through this title I noticed Mathea’s writing style continuing to improve as she becomes more comfortable with her new platform as a published author.  Her expertise shines through in this new title “Eating Out On a Kidney Diet“.  If I was searching for restaurant information as a kidney disease and diabetes patiet I would certainly turn to this author for reliable information.

Eating Out On a Kidney Diet

The most important section in this book to me is the concentration on eating out at resaurants and the great information Mathea provides for renal diet patients on ordering and menu reading.  Since restaurants are not required to give out potassium and phosphorus information on exact recipes, Mathea takes like recipes and items and gives you the approximate information that you would need to know to eat at several popular restaurants.

As diabetes patients struggle with kidney disease too, Mathea helps you navigate the waters of eating out with both of these conditions by providing the essentials to sodium, potassium, phosphorus and diabetic exchanges.

If you are searching for great eating out information on kidney disease, this is probably the read for you.

Eating Out On a Kidney Diet